When a child above the age of 6 cannot focus on a task, parents may immadiately diagnose the child with ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Difficulties with sitting and doing homework may be easily confused with ADHD. Both disorders share many common symptoms. In other words, Autism spectrum disorder and ADHD are related in several ways. Children with ADHD which is common childhood behavioral disorder may have other deficits like repetative behavior, social problems and language delay. In this case, it is important distinguishing symptoms of ADHD and Autism distinctively. Sometimes, these overlaping symptoms can cause a kid to be incorrectly diagnosed with one condition rather than the other.
Diagnosis of ADHD or Autism or both is not easy, specially at the earliest ages.
The brains of high functioning autistic individuals is fundamentaly different with those of others. Todays, brain imaging technology has helped neurologists analyze brain structure of autistic children and compare them to those of ADHDs.
Behavioral symptoms of ADHD
There are three groups of symptoms; inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.
- always being “on the go”
- feeling bored quickly with tasks
- neglectimg others in conversations
- talking nonstop
- blurting out
- interrupting others
- Having trouble playing quietly
- being distracted easily
- Having a dard time paying attention to a task
- being forgetful
- being disorganized
- lack of focus
- being impatient
- having hard time with waiting to react
Symptoms of Autism spectrum disorder:
- language delay
- impaired social interaction
- lack of eye contact
- repetative behavior
- flapping hands
- strange interests and habits
- lack of flexibility
- being unaware of danger
- lack of emotional reactions
- flipping objects around
- having trouble with switching from one activity to another
- unresponsive to his name
- lack of sympathy
Studies show that two-thirds of kids with ADHD have at least one co-existing condition, and Autism spectrum disorder is the most common disorder in this case. Latest investigations have indicated that up two half of kids with ADHD also have Autism.
However, the important thing is that occuring both ADHD and Autism together worsen quality of life for children. This is the task of parents to cope with these tough situations patiently. You know it is so scary the word “Autism”, and diagnosis of the disorder can be terrible, and deeply devastate parents.
Norm Ledgin in his best seller book, Diagnosing Jefferson, claimed that the genius of America’s third president was cause of Asperger Syndrome.
After this book, the author wrote Asperger’s and Self-Esteem: Insight and Hope through Famous Role Models, which claims that thirteen famous people of history in science, art, music, politics and other areas – Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, and Mozart among them-also had Asperger Syndrome. There are some pieces of evidence that Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Charles Darwin, Galileo, Pablo Picasso, Benjamin Franklin, Margaret Mead and Aristotle had Asperger Syndrome.
Vernon Smith received the Nobel Prize in 2002 for inventing the field of experimental economics, which uses laboratory methods to test economic theories. Smith believes his ability for deep concentration helped him win the Nobel Prize.
“I don’t have any trouble thinking outside the box,” he said. “I don’t feel any social pressure to do things the way other people are doing them, professionally. And so I have been more open to different ways of looking at a lot of the problems in economics.”
Lovecky , PhD, Therapist and Psychologist notes how Aspies often have large vocabularies, recognize patterns others do not, and pursue ideas in spite of evidence to the contrary, because they are not easily distracted by others’ opinions. Their ability to focus on details leads them to come up with solutions to problems others overlook.
Zohre Esmaeeli, Aug 2, 2016
Your child may have problems with:
1. speaking by 2 years old
2. joining with other children in playing games
3. enjoying sports
4. fitting in peer groups
5. interacting with other children
6. making eye contact
7. keeping a two-way conversation
8. reading at school
9. taking jokes
10. being polite in social situations
11. understanding rules for games
12. dressing him/herself
13. turn taking in conversations
14. engaging in imagination and role-play in games
Children with Autism may have unusual movements and repetitive behaviors. They repeat words and phrases over and over (echolalia) or do things again in the same way all the time.
Sometimes, children with ASD have unusual memory for detail. They are able to restore lots of things in memory. You may see an autistic child who has memorized a long list of capitals easily!
It is impossible diagnosing the disorder before 2 years old, but language delay can be the first symptom.
The Childhood Autism Spectrum Test or CAST designed by Simon Baron-Cohen