ADHD, Autism or both?

  • IMG_20160806_181737

When a child above the age of 6 cannot focus on a task, parents may immadiately diagnose the child with ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Difficulties with sitting and doing homework may be easily confused with ADHD. Both disorders share many common symptoms. In other words, Autism spectrum disorder and ADHD are related in several ways. Children with ADHD which is common childhood behavioral disorder may have other deficits like repetative behavior, social problems and language delay. In this case, it is important distinguishing symptoms of ADHD and Autism distinctively. Sometimes, these overlaping symptoms can cause a kid to be incorrectly diagnosed with one condition rather than the other.

 

Diagnosis of ADHD or Autism or both is not easy, specially at the earliest ages.

 

The brains of high functioning autistic individuals is fundamentaly different with those of others. Todays, brain imaging technology has helped neurologists analyze brain structure of autistic children and compare them to those of ADHDs.

  • IMG_20160806_181729

Behavioral symptoms of ADHD

There are three groups of symptoms; inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.


Hyperactivity:

  • always being “on the go”
  • feeling bored quickly with tasks
  • neglectimg others in conversations
  • talking nonstop
  • blurting out
  • interrupting others
  • Having trouble playing quietly

Inattention:

  • being distracted easily
  • Having a dard time paying attention to a task
  • being forgetful
  • being disorganized
  • lack of focus

 

Impulsivity:

  • being impatient
  • having hard time with waiting to react

Symptoms of Autism spectrum disorder:

  • language delay
  • impaired social interaction
  • lack of eye contact
  • repetative behavior
  • flapping hands
  • strange interests and habits
  • lack of flexibility
  • being unaware of danger
  • lack of emotional reactions
  • flipping objects around
  • having trouble with switching from one activity to another
  • unresponsive to his name
  • lack of sympathy

 

IMG_20160806_181735.jpg


Studies show that two-thirds of kids with ADHD have at least one co-existing condition, and Autism spectrum disorder is the most common disorder in this case. Latest investigations have indicated that up two half of kids with ADHD also have Autism.

However, the important thing is that occuring both ADHD and Autism together worsen quality of life for children. This is the task of parents to cope with these tough situations patiently. You know it is so scary the word “Autism”, and diagnosis of the disorder can be terrible, and deeply devastate parents.

 

Gifted people with Asperger syndrome

photo_2016-07-21_11-23-26
In spite of a lot of problems with AS, Aspies are excellent in some ways. Here, there are aspects of Asperger Syndrome that can be considered great advantages.

     Focus
The ability to focus on one goal over long periods of time without becoming distracted allows them to accomplish challenging tasks.
     Independent thinking
Independent thinkers strengthen a team they work in, because they understand that different backgrounds and perspectives bring different ideas and solutions. They are willing to share ideas that differ from those of the rest of others. Aspies’ willingness to think of unusual possibilities creates new options and opportunities and paves the way for others.photo_2016-07-21_11-23-49

     Intrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation refers to behavior that is driven by internal rewards. In other words, the motivation to engage in a behavior arises from within the individual because it is intrinsically rewarding. Aspies’ independent thinking and loneliness equips them with internal motivation.

images(30)

 

   Great memory for detail
Their ability to memorize details without getting lost gives them a significant advantage in solving complex problems.

     3-Dimensional thinking
3-D thinking refers to the ability to think outside the box. Einstein was a multi-dimensional thinker. He could see and feel the elements of science in a unique perspective. This brilliant man was kicked out of German schools because of his unusual learning style, but later made the greatest advancements in science. At this point, Aspies’ ability in 3-dimentional thinking helps them create solutions.

images(29)

   

   Logical decision making
Aspies’ ability to make logical and rational decisions and stick to their course of action without being distracted by impulse or emotional reactions allows them to navigate successfully through difficult situations.

 


Source

The Eight Asperger Advantages

First blog post

I am a mother of an Autistic child (Asperger syndrome). I didn’t know anything about Autism. At first years, I had lots of problems with my son… everything was frustrating, until I distinguished symptoms of the disorder…and started studying about Autism specially Asperger syndrome. I consulted a neurologist and decided to change my behavior.

photo_2016-08-02_19-16-22

I had a child with a special characteristics (I didn’t consider him as a disabled child, but different). Now, I know he has extra abilities like independent thinking, great memory for detail, internal motivation, 3-dimentional thinking and focus which can lead him to a bright future.

 

Symptoms of Autism

Zohre Esmaeeli, Aug 2, 2016

photo_2016-07-20_23-30-27

Your child may have problems with:

1. speaking by 2 years old
2. joining with other children in playing games
3. enjoying sports
4. fitting in peer groups
5. interacting with other children
6. making eye contact
7. keeping a two-way conversation
8. reading at school
9. taking jokes
10. being polite in social situations
11. understanding rules for games
12. dressing him/herself
13. turn taking in conversations
14. engaging in imagination and role-play in games
Children with Autism may have unusual movements and repetitive behaviors. They repeat words and phrases over and over (echolalia) or do things again in the same way all the time.
Sometimes, children with ASD have unusual memory for detail. They are able to restore lots of things in memory. You may see an autistic child who has memorized a long list of capitals easily!
It is impossible diagnosing the disorder before 2 years old, but language delay can be the first symptom.

Source:

The Childhood Autism Spectrum Test or CAST designed by Simon Baron-Cohen

What is Asperger syndrome?

Zohre Esmaeeli, July 30, 2016

photo_2016-07-21_00-49-16

The Asperger’s disorder is a neurobiological pervasive developmental disorder and a milder form of autism.
The word Autism comes from the Greek word “autos” meaning self, because of extreme aloneness in this disorder. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a complicated disorder of brain development. It is characterized by major difficulties in communication, social interaction, verbal and non-verbal messaging and repetitive behaviors. But, physically, individuals with autism have a natural appearance the same as other people. “Surveys from a range of different countries have consistently reported that between 2 and 4 children in every 10000 develop autism, usually in the ratio of 3-4 boys to each girl.” (Baron-Cohen & Bolton, 1993, p.11). It is commonly believed that the source of ASD is unknown, but researchers guess it may originate from genetic resources or syndromes, serious infections such as rubella that hurts the brain, and exposure to toxic chemicals during pregnancy.

photo_2016-07-21_11-23-32

Types of Autism:

• Autistic Disorder
• Asperger Syndrome
• Rett Syndrome
• Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
• Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

Asperger syndrome which is the focus of my study was first described by the Austrian psychiatrist Dr. Hans Asperger in 1944. The syndrome was named after him by a British psychiatrist and psychologist Dr. Lorna Wing who first used this term in 1981 in one of her papers. She described the Asperger’s syndrome the following way:

• Lack of empathy,
• Childish, not adequate relationship to the situation or one-sided relationship,
• Neat, the speech is characterized by repetitions
• Pour nonverbal communication
• Intense interests towards certain subjects,
• Clumsy, poorly coordinated movements, abnormal postures

photo_2016-07-21_00-49-38

Clinicians tend to agree that AS is a complex disorder involving dysfunction in the domains of social, behavioral, emotional, cognitive, sensory, and motor skills. Children with Asperger’s syndrome characterized by antisocial personality, avoiding eye contact, improper use of gestures, repetitive behaviors, misunderstanding of idioms, special interests or eating habits, echolalia, rigid thinking habits, deficits in working memory, restriction of imagination, and other descriptions distinguished by psychologists . All of these cause significant problems in social relationships and routines.

References

1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Autism/
2. Baron-Cohen, S., & Bolton, P. (1993), Autism: The facts. New York: Oxford University Press.
3. Gordon, B. Speech and language problems in ASD. Retrieved April 2, 2007, from https://iancommunity.org/cs/articles/speech_and_language_problems
4. Happe, F, (1996), Autism: an introduction to psychological theory. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
5. Holwin, P, (1997), Autism: preparing for adulthood. New York: Routledg.
6. Khazan, O, Autism’s Hidden Gifts. Retrieved September, 23, 2015, from .http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/09/autism-hidden-advantages/406180/
7. O’Callaghan, F.J, (2002), Autism; what is it and where does it come from?. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 95, 263 – 265
8. Park, S, (2014), Bilingualism and children with autism spectrum disorders: issues, research, and implications. NYS TESOL, 1, 122-129
9. Reppond, J.S, (2015), English language learners on the autism spectrum: Identifying gaps in learning, Hamline University. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.hamline.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1241&context=hse_all
10. Willis, C, (2009), Creating inclusive learning environments for young children: what to do on Monday morning. California: Corwin Press.
11. Wire, V, (2005), Autistic spectrum disorders and learning foreign languages. Support for learning, 20, 123-128